Detection of Various Unconventional Explosive and Incendiary Devices Using Intelligent Analytical Sensor Technology
- 01.05.2017 to 01.05.2019
- Research Area:
- Usability und UX Engineering
Instructions for the simple manufacture of unconventional explosive and incendiary devices are increasingly being disseminated on the internet. Security and emergency forces must be able to investigate suspicious objects such as abandoned luggage or tampered trash cans quickly and reliably. The goal of the German-Austrian project DURCHBLICK is to make available a robotic, high-performance sensor system that can be used to investigate suspicious objects via a user-friendly interface.
Due to the increasing spread of instructions for the simple manufacture of unconventional explosive and incendiary devices (IEDs), both Germany and Austria face a serious threat to public safety. Security and emergency forces in both countries need to be able to investigate suspicious objects such as abandoned luggage or tampered trash cans quickly, reliably and with as little risk to themselves as possible. The technologies currently in use repeatedly hit their limits.
The sensor systems also support the examination of objects that are not accessible from all sides
The aim of the bilateral project DURCHBLICK is to make available a robotic, high-performance sensor system that can be used to examine objects and especially those that are not accessible from all sides. The project investigated the use of new methods such as X-ray backscatter technology or mobile gamma cameras as well as innovative approaches for the interactive presentation of the information obtained for the bomb specialists in the field. In addition, an ethical and legal assessment of the use of technology was carried out with regard to emergency forces and third parties.
The IAW's work focuses on the development of the user-friendly interface (front end), and also on the ethical considerations of technology acceptance for the socio-technical system.
For the user-centered interaction design, user requirements were collected by means of user workshops and expert interviews. This was followed by the development of an operating concept with context-specific interaction design and implementation in low-fidelity prototypes, such as wireframes and paper prototypes, to high-fidelity prototypes with appropriate functionality. The prototypes were evaluated iteratively via expert-based methods, such as cognitive walkthroughs, and usability testing using questionnaires and eye tracking.
For the survey of technology acceptance involving all stakeholders, mainly qualitative methods such as semi-structured interviews were used to continuously derive recommendations for the design of the overall socio-technical system.
The research project DURCHBLICK (funding code: 13N14329) was funded by the BMBF – Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (Federal Ministry of Education and Research) as part of the German government's “Forschung für die zivile Sicherheit” (Research for Civil Security program under the proclamation “Zivile Sicherheit – Aspekte und Maßnahmen der Terrorismusbekämpfung” (Civil Security – Aspects and Measures of Counterterrorism). On behalf of the BMBF, the VDI/VDE-IT took over the project management.