How Gainful Employment Has Undergone Change


Vocational Training Design and Concepts for Technical Didactics


This volume describes how gainful employment has changed and how this has altered and replaced qualification requirements in vocational education and training with a focus on Industry 4.0, sustainable development, globalization and demographic change alongside long-term consequences for the industrial-technical sciences. The volume documents the 18th Fall Conference of the “Arbeitsgemeinschaft gewerblich-technische Wissenschaften und ihre Didaktiken (gtw) der  Gesellschaft für Arbeitswissenschaft (GfA)” (Committee for Trade and Technical Sciences and Their Teaching Methods (gtw) of the Society for Ergonomics (GfA)) in Aachen.