Interaktionsmuster der kooperativen Bewegungsführung von Fahrzeugen

  • Interaction patterns for cooperative guidance and control of vehicles

Baltzer, Marcel Caspar Attila; Flemisch, Frank O. (Thesis advisor); Hurtienne, Jörn (Thesis advisor)

Düren : Shaker Verlag (2021)
Book, Dissertation / PhD Thesis

In: Schriftenreihe Industrial engineering and ergonomics 39
Page(s)/Article-Nr.: XIV, 233 Seiten : Illustrationen, Diagramme

Dissertation, RWTH Aachen University, 2020


This dissertation follows the approach of balanced Human Systems Integration. Starting point is the transfer of cooperative movements found in human-to-human interaction towards human-to-highly automated vehicle interaction. Therefore, an overview of the concept of cooperative movement is presented. Afterwards, the Use Space is structured. A Use Space consists of different subdimensions that classify the usage of the system that is to be designed, e.g. type of road (Autobahn, highway etc.), the driving manoeuvre or the state of the automation or driver. The next step is to structure the Design Space. It consists of an overview of the usable interaction resources as well as the usable interaction media, which opens up the space of design options for the system under development. After structuring the Use-Space and the Design-Space, an interaction mediation is presented. It represents a fundamental part of cooperative vehicle guidance and control and harmonises the activities of the human operator and the automation. If conflicts between the human operator and automation arise, e.g. due to different observations, interpretations or action implementations, the interaction mediator tries to find the right balance and facilitates cooperative behaviour. To do so, the interaction mediator uses interaction patterns. In a following step, based on examples taken from nature, the concept of interaction patterns, which is already commonly used in architecture and object-oriented programming, is introduced. Furthermore, the application of image schemas for intuitive linking of experienced interaction towards an internal state of perception is proposed. Consequently, from previously discussed concepts, the concept of interaction patterns for cooperative movement is deducted. In the next step, different interaction patterns are formalised and summarised into an interaction pattern catalogue. The evaluation of a collision avoidance pattern, concerning workload, user experience and safety, completes the thesis.


  • Chair and Institute of Industrial Engineering and Ergonomics [417110]
  • Human Systems Integration Teaching and Research Area [420320]